Our history is packed with interesting and unknown facts from the month of June- here is just a few.

0575 Benedict I becomes Pope.

1215 Beijing, then under the control of the Jurchen ruler Emperor Xuanzong of Jin, is captured by the Mongols under Genghis Khan, ending the Battle of Beijing.

1495 The first written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland. Friar John Cor is the distiller.

1539 Hernando De Soto claims Florida for Spain.

1792 Kentucky admitted as the 15th state of the United States.

1796 Tennessee admitted as the 16th state of the United States.

1813 The mortally-wounded Captain James Lawrence, commander of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake, coins the phrase "Don't give up the ship," during a losing battle with a British frigate.

1831 James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole.

1835 P. T. Barnum and his circus begins their first tour of the United States.  

1851 The first baseball uniforms worn. Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt & blue long trousers.

1855 US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery.

1861 The first skirmish in the Civil War, Fairfax Court House, VA and the US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange.

1892 Macadamia nuts first planted in Hawaii.

1923 Checker Cab puts its first taxi on the streets.

1963 Soviet Space Program: Vostok 6 Mission, Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.

1873 Ground broken on Clay St (SF) for world's first cable railroad.

1897 Mark Twain, responding to rumors that he was dead at age 61, is quoted by the New York Journal as saying: "The report of my death was an exaggeration."

1916 The National Defense Act is signed into law, increasing the size of the United States National Guard by 450,000 men.

1916 The ROTC is established by the U.S. Congress.

1918 Supreme Court rules child labor laws unconstitutional.

1925 Birthday - Tony Curtis [Bernard Schwartz] is born.

1932 New York Yankee great Lou Gehrig hits four home runs in one game against the Philadelphia Athletics. Final score 20-13 in favor of the Yankees.

1933 The first Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans.

1939 Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

1940 World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris and Winston Churchill gives his "Finest Hour" speech.

1952 Wilfred 'Wop' May pilot, World War I air ace, died on this day.. May was being pursued by German ace Manfred von Richthofen when the Red Baron was shot down.

1957 Howard Cosell's first TV show.

1963 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school.

1965 For 21 minutes, Edward H. White floats free outside the space vehicle Gemini IV for the first time.

1976 Apartheid: A non-violent march by 15,000 students in Soweto, South Africa turns into days of rioting when police open fire on the crowd and kill 566 children.

1980 Jimmy Carter wins enough delegates for re-nomination.

1981 The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California.

1982 The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, is shot on a London street. He survives but is permanently paralyzed.

1989 Troops in China shoot & kill 100s of students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.

1989 4 golfers shoot a hole-in-one on the same hole at the US Open are made all on the 6th hole (Weaver, Wiebe, Pate & Price).

2006 The union of Serbia and Montenegro comes to an end with Montenegro's formal declaration of independence.

2010 Campbell Soup Co. recalls nearly 15 million pounds of canned SpaghettiOs with meatballs because of possible under-processing.